The new Turkey
State of Emergency

On 21 July 2016, President Erdogan declared that a state of emergency would be in place for three months.


STATE OF EMERGENCY DECREES 2016
STATE OF EMERGENCY DECREES 2017
STATE OF EMERGENCY DECREES 2018

1. Declaration of the state of emergency and its approval by Parliament 45. On 20 July 2016, the Government, under the chairmanship of the President, having consulted with the National Security Council, decided to declare a state of emergency throughout the country for a period of ninety days, beginning from 21 July 2016. The Grand National Assembly of Turkey was on summer recess; however, it was convened immediately and on the same day it approved the declaration of the state of emergency.

By the Government’s decision of 5 October 2016, approved at the plenary session of the Grand National Assembly, the state of emergency was extended for a further period of three months. Therefore, the domestic procedure for the declaration of the state of emergency and its prolongation was formally respected.

2. Enactment of the decree laws by the Government and their approval by Parliament 46. The decision of Parliament approving the declaration of the state of emergency enabled the Government to realise its power to enact emergency decree laws (this term is also translated from Turkish as “decrees having the force of law”). (1)


 

The Turkish Parliament on Jan. 18 extended the ongoing state of emergency in Turkey for another three months after ratifying a prime ministry motion.

The sixth extension will become effective from 1:00 a.m. on Jan. 19.

The ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) and the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) backed the motion, while the main opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP) and the Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP) opposed it.

According to the constitution, a state of emergency can be declared for a maximum period of six months. (2)

House of Commons
Foreign Affairs Committee
The UK's relations with Turkey

Tenth Report of Session 2016–17

The Turkish government's response to the threat from the coup attempt
 

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner
for Human Rights

Report on the impact of the state of emergency on human
rights in Turkey, including an update on the South-East

January – December 2017
March 2018

(1) TURKEY OPINION ON EMERGENCY
DECREE LAWS NOS. 667-676


(2) www.hurriyetdailynews.com/state-of-emergency-
in-turkey-extended-for-sixth-time-125972

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